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How to debug your LLM apps

Like building any type of software, at some point you'll need to debug when building with LLMs. A model call will fail, or model output will be misformatted, or there will be some nested model calls and it won't be clear where along the way an incorrect output was created.

Here are a few different tools and functionalities to aid in debugging.

Tracing

Many of the applications you build with LangChain will contain multiple steps with multiple invocations of LLM calls. As these applications get more and more complex, it becomes crucial to be able to inspect what exactly is going on inside your chain or agent. The best way to do this is with LangSmith.

After you sign up at the link above, make sure to set your environment variables to start logging traces:

export LANGCHAIN_TRACING_V2="true"
export LANGCHAIN_API_KEY="..."

Let's suppose we have an agent, and want to visualize the actions it takes and tool outputs it receives. Without any debugging, here's what we see:

import { ChatAnthropic } from "@langchain/anthropic";
import { AgentExecutor, createToolCallingAgent } from "langchain/agents";
import { ChatPromptTemplate } from "@langchain/core/prompts";
import { TavilySearchResults } from "@langchain/community/tools/tavily_search";
import { Calculator } from "@langchain/community/tools/calculator";

const tools = [new TavilySearchResults(), new Calculator()];

// Prompt template must have "input" and "agent_scratchpad input variables
const prompt = ChatPromptTemplate.fromMessages([
["system", "You are a helpful assistant"],
["placeholder", "{chat_history}"],
["human", "{input}"],
["placeholder", "{agent_scratchpad}"],
]);

const llm = new ChatAnthropic({
model: "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
temperature: 0,
});

const agent = await createToolCallingAgent({
llm,
tools,
prompt,
});

const agentExecutor = new AgentExecutor({
agent,
tools,
});

const result = await agentExecutor.invoke({
input:
"Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
});

console.log(result);

API Reference:

{
input: 'Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?',
output: 'So Christopher Nolan, the director of the 2023 film Oppenheimer, is 53 years old, which is approximately 19,345 days old (assuming 365 days per year).'
}

We don't get much output, but since we set up LangSmith we can easily see what happened under the hood:

https://smith.langchain.com/public/fd3a4aa1-dfea-4d17-9d44-a306e7b230d3/r

verbose

If you're prototyping in Jupyter Notebooks or running Node scripts, it can be helpful to print out the intermediate steps of a chain run.

There are a number of ways to enable printing at varying degrees of verbosity.

{ verbose: true }

Setting the verbose parameter will cause any LangChain component with callback support (chains, models, agents, tools, retrievers) to print the inputs they receive and outputs they generate. This is the most verbose setting and will fully log raw inputs and outputs.

import { AgentExecutor, createToolCallingAgent } from "langchain/agents";
import { ChatAnthropic } from "@langchain/anthropic";
import { ChatPromptTemplate } from "@langchain/core/prompts";
import { TavilySearchResults } from "@langchain/community/tools/tavily_search";
import { Calculator } from "@langchain/community/tools/calculator";

const tools = [
new TavilySearchResults({ verbose: true }),
new Calculator({ verbose: true }),
];

// Prompt template must have "input" and "agent_scratchpad input variables
const prompt = ChatPromptTemplate.fromMessages([
["system", "You are a helpful assistant"],
["placeholder", "{chat_history}"],
["human", "{input}"],
["placeholder", "{agent_scratchpad}"],
]);

const llm = new ChatAnthropic({
model: "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
temperature: 0,
verbose: true,
});

const agent = await createToolCallingAgent({
llm,
tools,
prompt,
});

const agentExecutor = new AgentExecutor({
agent,
tools,
verbose: true,
});

const result = await agentExecutor.invoke({
input:
"Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
});

console.log(result);

API Reference:

Console output
[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor] Entering Chain run with input: {
"input": "Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?"
}
[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent] Entering Chain run with input: {
"input": "Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
"steps": []
}
[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 3:chain:RunnableAssign] Entering Chain run with input: {
"input": ""
}
[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 3:chain:RunnableAssign > 4:chain:RunnableMap] Entering Chain run with input: {
"input": ""
}
[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 3:chain:RunnableAssign > 4:chain:RunnableMap > 5:chain:RunnableLambda] Entering Chain run with input: {
"input": ""
}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 3:chain:RunnableAssign > 4:chain:RunnableMap > 5:chain:RunnableLambda] [0ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"output": []
}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 3:chain:RunnableAssign > 4:chain:RunnableMap] [1ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"agent_scratchpad": []
}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 3:chain:RunnableAssign] [1ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"input": "Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
"steps": [],
"agent_scratchpad": []
}
[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 6:prompt:ChatPromptTemplate] Entering Chain run with input: {
"input": "Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
"steps": [],
"agent_scratchpad": []
}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 6:prompt:ChatPromptTemplate] [0ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"prompt_values",
"ChatPromptValue"
],
"kwargs": {
"messages": [
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"SystemMessage"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": "You are a helpful assistant",
"additional_kwargs": {},
"response_metadata": {}
}
},
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"HumanMessage"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": "Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
"additional_kwargs": {},
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
]
}
}
[llm/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 7:llm:ChatAnthropic] Entering LLM run with input: {
"messages": [
[
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"SystemMessage"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": "You are a helpful assistant",
"additional_kwargs": {},
"response_metadata": {}
}
},
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"HumanMessage"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": "Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
"additional_kwargs": {},
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
]
]
}
[llm/start] [1:llm:ChatAnthropic] Entering LLM run with input: {
"messages": [
[
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"SystemMessage"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": "You are a helpful assistant",
"additional_kwargs": {},
"response_metadata": {}
}
},
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"HumanMessage"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": "Who directed the 2023 film Oppenheimer and what is their age? What is their age in days (assume 365 days per year)?",
"additional_kwargs": {},
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
]
]
}
[llm/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 7:llm:ChatAnthropic] [1.98s] Exiting LLM run with output: {
"generations": [
[
{
"text": "",
"message": {
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"AIMessageChunk"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": [
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"input": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_015MqAHr84dBCAqBgjou41Km",
"type": "message",
"role": "assistant",
"model": "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
"stop_sequence": null,
"usage": {
"input_tokens": 409,
"output_tokens": 68
},
"stop_reason": "tool_use"
},
"tool_call_chunks": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": "{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"index": 0
}
],
"tool_calls": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN"
}
],
"invalid_tool_calls": [],
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
}
]
]
}
[llm/end] [1:llm:ChatAnthropic] [1.98s] Exiting LLM run with output: {
"generations": [
[
{
"text": "",
"message": {
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"AIMessageChunk"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": [
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"input": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_015MqAHr84dBCAqBgjou41Km",
"type": "message",
"role": "assistant",
"model": "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
"stop_sequence": null,
"usage": {
"input_tokens": 409,
"output_tokens": 68
},
"stop_reason": "tool_use"
},
"tool_call_chunks": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": "{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"index": 0
}
],
"tool_calls": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN"
}
],
"invalid_tool_calls": [],
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
}
]
]
}
[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 8:parser:ToolCallingAgentOutputParser] Entering Chain run with input: {
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"AIMessageChunk"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": [
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"input": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_015MqAHr84dBCAqBgjou41Km",
"type": "message",
"role": "assistant",
"model": "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
"stop_sequence": null,
"usage": {
"input_tokens": 409,
"output_tokens": 68
},
"stop_reason": "tool_use"
},
"tool_call_chunks": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": "{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"index": 0
}
],
"tool_calls": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN"
}
],
"invalid_tool_calls": [],
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 8:parser:ToolCallingAgentOutputParser] [0ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"output": [
{
"tool": "tavily_search_results_json",
"toolInput": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"toolCallId": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"log": "Invoking \"tavily_search_results_json\" with {\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}\n[{\"type\":\"tool_use\",\"id\":\"toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN\",\"name\":\"tavily_search_results_json\",\"input\":{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}}]",
"messageLog": [
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"AIMessageChunk"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": [
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"input": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_015MqAHr84dBCAqBgjou41Km",
"type": "message",
"role": "assistant",
"model": "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
"stop_sequence": null,
"usage": {
"input_tokens": 409,
"output_tokens": 68
},
"stop_reason": "tool_use"
},
"tool_call_chunks": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": "{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"index": 0
}
],
"tool_calls": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN"
}
],
"invalid_tool_calls": [],
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
]
}
]
}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 2:chain:ToolCallingAgent] [1.98s] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"output": [
{
"tool": "tavily_search_results_json",
"toolInput": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"toolCallId": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"log": "Invoking \"tavily_search_results_json\" with {\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}\n[{\"type\":\"tool_use\",\"id\":\"toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN\",\"name\":\"tavily_search_results_json\",\"input\":{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}}]",
"messageLog": [
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"AIMessageChunk"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": [
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"input": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_015MqAHr84dBCAqBgjou41Km",
"type": "message",
"role": "assistant",
"model": "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
"stop_sequence": null,
"usage": {
"input_tokens": 409,
"output_tokens": 68
},
"stop_reason": "tool_use"
},
"tool_call_chunks": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": "{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"index": 0
}
],
"tool_calls": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN"
}
],
"invalid_tool_calls": [],
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
]
}
]
}
[agent/action] [1:chain:AgentExecutor] Agent selected action: {
"tool": "tavily_search_results_json",
"toolInput": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"toolCallId": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"log": "Invoking \"tavily_search_results_json\" with {\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}\n[{\"type\":\"tool_use\",\"id\":\"toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN\",\"name\":\"tavily_search_results_json\",\"input\":{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}}]",
"messageLog": [
{
"lc": 1,
"type": "constructor",
"id": [
"langchain_core",
"messages",
"AIMessageChunk"
],
"kwargs": {
"content": [
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"input": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_015MqAHr84dBCAqBgjou41Km",
"type": "message",
"role": "assistant",
"model": "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
"stop_sequence": null,
"usage": {
"input_tokens": 409,
"output_tokens": 68
},
"stop_reason": "tool_use"
},
"tool_call_chunks": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": "{\"input\":\"Oppenheimer 2023 film director age\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN",
"index": 0
}
],
"tool_calls": [
{
"name": "tavily_search_results_json",
"args": {
"input": "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
},
"id": "toolu_01NUVejujVo2y8WGVtZ49KAN"
}
],
"invalid_tool_calls": [],
"response_metadata": {}
}
}
]
}
[tool/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 9:tool:TavilySearchResults] Entering Tool run with input: "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
[tool/start] [1:tool:TavilySearchResults] Entering Tool run with input: "Oppenheimer 2023 film director age"
[tool/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 9:tool:TavilySearchResults] [2.20s] Exiting Tool run with output: "[{"title":"Oppenheimer (2023) - IMDb","url":"https://www.imdb.com/title/tt15398776/","content":"Oppenheimer: Directed by Christopher Nolan. With Cillian Murphy, Emily Blunt, Robert Downey Jr., Alden Ehrenreich. The story of American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer and his role in the development of the atomic bomb.","score":0.96643,"raw_content":null},{"title":"Christopher Nolan's Oppenheimer - Rotten Tomatoes","url":"https://editorial.rottentomatoes.com/article/everything-we-know-about-christopher-nolans-oppenheimer/","content":"Billboards and movie theater pop-ups across Los Angeles have been ticking down for months now: Christopher Nolan's epic account of J. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, is nearing an explosive release on July 21, 2023. Nolan movies are always incredibly secretive, twists locked alongside totems behind safe doors, actors not spilling an ounce of Earl Grey tea.","score":0.92804,"raw_content":null},{"title":"Oppenheimer (film) - Wikipedia","url":"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oppenheimer_(film)","content":"The film continued to hold well in the following weeks, making $32 million and $29.1 million in its fifth and sixth weekends.[174][175] As of September 10, 2023, the highest grossing territories were the United Kingdom ($72 million), Germany ($46.9 million), China ($46.8 million), France ($40.1 million) and Australia ($25.9 million).[176]\nCritical response\nThe film received critical acclaim.[a] Critics praised Oppenheimer primarily for its screenplay, the performances of the cast (particularly Murphy and Downey), and the visuals;[b] it was frequently cited as one of Nolan's best films,[191][192][183] and of 2023, although some criticism was aimed towards the writing of the female characters.[187] Hindustan Times reported that the film was also hailed as one of the best films of the 21st century.[193] He also chose to alternate between scenes in color and black-and-white to convey the story from both subjective and objective perspectives, respectively,[68] with most of Oppenheimer's view shown via the former, while the latter depicts a \"more objective view of his story from a different character's point of view\".[69][67] Wanting to make the film as subjective as possible, the production team decided to include visions of Oppenheimer's conceptions of the quantum world and waves of energy.[70] Nolan noted that Oppenheimer never publicly apologized for his role in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but still desired to portray Oppenheimer as feeling genuine guilt for his actions, believing this to be accurate.[71]\nI think of any character I've dealt with, Oppenheimer is by far the most ambiguous and paradoxical. The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \"big-atures\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. He felt that \"while our relationship with that [nuclear] fear has ebbed and flowed with time, the threat itself never actually went away\", and felt the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine had caused a resurgence of nuclear anxiety.[54] Nolan had also penned a script for a biopic of Howard Hughes approximately during the time of production of Martin Scorsese's The Aviator (2004), which had given him insight on how to write a script regarding a person's life.[53] Emily Blunt described the Oppenheimer script as \"emotional\" and resembling that of a thriller, while also remarking that Nolan had \"Trojan-Horsed a biopic into a thriller\".[72]\nCasting\nOppenheimer marks the sixth collaboration between Nolan and Murphy, and the first starring Murphy as the lead. [for Oppenheimer] in his approach to trying to deal with the consequences of what he'd been involved with\", while also underscoring that it is a \"huge shift in perception about the reality of Oppenheimer's perception\".[53] He wanted to execute a quick tonal shift after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, desiring to go from the \"highest triumphalism, the highest high, to the lowest low in the shortest amount of screen time possible\".[66] For the ending, Nolan chose to make it intentionally vague to be open to interpretation and refrained from being didactic or conveying specific messages in his work.","score":0.92404,"raw_content":null},{"title":"'Oppenheimer' Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: \"I Try to ...","url":"https://www.everythingzoomer.com/arts-entertainment/2023/11/21/oppenheimer-director-christopher-nolan-on-filmmaking-at-53-i-try-to-challenge-myself-with-every-film/","content":"Oppenheimer will be available to own on 4K Ultra HD, Blu-ray and DVD — including more than three hours of bonus features — on November 21.\nRELATED:\nVisiting the Trinity Site Featured in ‘Oppenheimer’ Is a Sobering Reminder of the Horror of Nuclear Weapons\nBarbenheimer: How ‘Barbie’ and ‘Oppenheimer’ Became the Unlikely Movie Marriage of the Summer\nBlast From the Past: ‘Asteroid City’ & ‘Oppenheimer’ and the Age of Nuclear Anxiety\nEXPLORE  HealthMoneyTravelFoodStyleBook ClubClassifieds#ZoomerDailyPolicy & PerspectiveArts & EntertainmentStars & RoyaltySex & Love\nCONNECT  FacebookTwitterInstagram\nSUBSCRIBE  Terms of Subscription ServiceE-NewslettersSubscribe to Zoomer Magazine\nBROWSE  AboutMastheadContact UsAdvertise with UsPrivacy Policy\nEverythingZoomer.com is part of the ZoomerMedia Digital Network “I think with experience — and with the experience of watching your films with an audience over the years — you do more and more recognize the human elements that people respond to, and the things that move you and the things that move the audience.”\n “What’s interesting, as you watch the films over time, is that some of his preoccupations are the same, but then some of them have changed over time with who he is as a person and what’s going on in his own life,” Thomas said.\n The British-American director’s latest explosive drama, Oppenheimer, which has earned upwards of US$940 million at the global box office, follows theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (played by Cillian Murphy) as he leads the team creating the first atomic bomb, as director of the Manhattan Project’s Los Alamos Laboratory.\n Subscribe\nEverything Zoomer\n‘Oppenheimer’ Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: “I Try to Challenge Myself with Every Film”\nDirector Christopher Nolan poses upon his arrival for the premiere of the movie 'Oppenheimer' in Paris on July 11, 2023.","score":0.92002,"raw_content":null},{"title":"'Oppenheimer' Review: A Man for Our Time - The New York Times","url":"https://www.nytimes.com/2023/07/19/movies/oppenheimer-review-christopher-nolan.html","content":"Instead, it is here that the film’s complexities and all its many fragments finally converge as Nolan puts the finishing touches on his portrait of a man who contributed to an age of transformational scientific discovery, who personified the intersection of science and politics, including in his role as a Communist boogeyman, who was transformed by his role in the creation of weapons of mass destruction and soon after raised the alarm about the dangers of nuclear war.\n He served as director of a clandestine weapons lab built in a near-desolate stretch of Los Alamos, in New Mexico, where he and many other of the era’s most dazzling scientific minds puzzled through how to harness nuclear reactions for the weapons that killed tens of thousands instantly, ending the war in the Pacific.\n Nolan integrates these black-and-white sections with the color ones, using scenes from the hearing and the confirmation — Strauss’s role in the hearing and his relationship with Oppenheimer directly affected the confirmation’s outcome — to create a dialectical synthesis. To signal his conceit, he stamps the film with the words “fission” (a splitting into parts) and “fusion” (a merging of elements); Nolan being Nolan, he further complicates the film by recurrently kinking up the overarching chronology — it is a lot.\n It’s also at Berkeley that Oppenheimer meets the project’s military head, Leslie Groves (a predictably good Damon), who makes him Los Alamos’s director, despite the leftist causes he supported — among them, the fight against fascism during the Spanish Civil War — and some of his associations, including with Communist Party members like his brother, Frank (Dylan Arnold).\n","score":0.91831,"raw_content":null}]"
[tool/end] [1:tool:TavilySearchResults] [2.20s] Exiting Tool run with output: "[{"title":"Oppenheimer (2023) - IMDb","url":"https://www.imdb.com/title/tt15398776/","content":"Oppenheimer: Directed by Christopher Nolan. With Cillian Murphy, Emily Blunt, Robert Downey Jr., Alden Ehrenreich. The story of American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer and his role in the development of the atomic bomb.","score":0.96643,"raw_content":null},{"title":"Christopher Nolan's Oppenheimer - Rotten Tomatoes","url":"https://editorial.rottentomatoes.com/article/everything-we-know-about-christopher-nolans-oppenheimer/","content":"Billboards and movie theater pop-ups across Los Angeles have been ticking down for months now: Christopher Nolan's epic account of J. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, is nearing an explosive release on July 21, 2023. Nolan movies are always incredibly secretive, twists locked alongside totems behind safe doors, actors not spilling an ounce of Earl Grey tea.","score":0.92804,"raw_content":null},{"title":"Oppenheimer (film) - Wikipedia","url":"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oppenheimer_(film)","content":"The film continued to hold well in the following weeks, making $32 million and $29.1 million in its fifth and sixth weekends.[174][175] As of September 10, 2023, the highest grossing territories were the United Kingdom ($72 million), Germany ($46.9 million), China ($46.8 million), France ($40.1 million) and Australia ($25.9 million).[176]\nCritical response\nThe film received critical acclaim.[a] Critics praised Oppenheimer primarily for its screenplay, the performances of the cast (particularly Murphy and Downey), and the visuals;[b] it was frequently cited as one of Nolan's best films,[191][192][183] and of 2023, although some criticism was aimed towards the writing of the female characters.[187] Hindustan Times reported that the film was also hailed as one of the best films of the 21st century.[193] He also chose to alternate between scenes in color and black-and-white to convey the story from both subjective and objective perspectives, respectively,[68] with most of Oppenheimer's view shown via the former, while the latter depicts a \"more objective view of his story from a different character's point of view\".[69][67] Wanting to make the film as subjective as possible, the production team decided to include visions of Oppenheimer's conceptions of the quantum world and waves of energy.[70] Nolan noted that Oppenheimer never publicly apologized for his role in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but still desired to portray Oppenheimer as feeling genuine guilt for his actions, believing this to be accurate.[71]\nI think of any character I've dealt with, Oppenheimer is by far the most ambiguous and paradoxical. The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \"big-atures\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. He felt that \"while our relationship with that [nuclear] fear has ebbed and flowed with time, the threat itself never actually went away\", and felt the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine had caused a resurgence of nuclear anxiety.[54] Nolan had also penned a script for a biopic of Howard Hughes approximately during the time of production of Martin Scorsese's The Aviator (2004), which had given him insight on how to write a script regarding a person's life.[53] Emily Blunt described the Oppenheimer script as \"emotional\" and resembling that of a thriller, while also remarking that Nolan had \"Trojan-Horsed a biopic into a thriller\".[72]\nCasting\nOppenheimer marks the sixth collaboration between Nolan and Murphy, and the first starring Murphy as the lead. [for Oppenheimer] in his approach to trying to deal with the consequences of what he'd been involved with\", while also underscoring that it is a \"huge shift in perception about the reality of Oppenheimer's perception\".[53] He wanted to execute a quick tonal shift after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, desiring to go from the \"highest triumphalism, the highest high, to the lowest low in the shortest amount of screen time possible\".[66] For the ending, Nolan chose to make it intentionally vague to be open to interpretation and refrained from being didactic or conveying specific messages in his work.","score":0.92404,"raw_content":null},{"title":"'Oppenheimer' Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: \"I Try to ...","url":"https://www.everythingzoomer.com/arts-entertainment/2023/11/21/oppenheimer-director-christopher-nolan-on-filmmaking-at-53-i-try-to-challenge-myself-with-every-film/","content":"Oppenheimer will be available to own on 4K Ultra HD, Blu-ray and DVD — including more than three hours of bonus features — on November 21.\nRELATED:\nVisiting the Trinity Site Featured in ‘Oppenheimer’ Is a Sobering Reminder of the Horror of Nuclear Weapons\nBarbenheimer: How ‘Barbie’ and ‘Oppenheimer’ Became the Unlikely Movie Marriage of the Summer\nBlast From the Past: ‘Asteroid City’ & ‘Oppenheimer’ and the Age of Nuclear Anxiety\nEXPLORE  HealthMoneyTravelFoodStyleBook ClubClassifieds#ZoomerDailyPolicy & PerspectiveArts & EntertainmentStars & RoyaltySex & Love\nCONNECT  FacebookTwitterInstagram\nSUBSCRIBE  Terms of Subscription ServiceE-NewslettersSubscribe to Zoomer Magazine\nBROWSE  AboutMastheadContact UsAdvertise with UsPrivacy Policy\nEverythingZoomer.com is part of the ZoomerMedia Digital Network “I think with experience — and with the experience of watching your films with an audience over the years — you do more and more recognize the human elements that people respond to, and the things that move you and the things that move the audience.”\n “What’s interesting, as you watch the films over time, is that some of his preoccupations are the same, but then some of them have changed over time with who he is as a person and what’s going on in his own life,” Thomas said.\n The British-American director’s latest explosive drama, Oppenheimer, which has earned upwards of US$940 million at the global box office, follows theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (played by Cillian Murphy) as he leads the team creating the first atomic bomb, as director of the Manhattan Project’s Los Alamos Laboratory.\n Subscribe\nEverything Zoomer\n‘Oppenheimer’ Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: “I Try to Challenge Myself with Every Film”\nDirector Christopher Nolan poses upon his arrival for the premiere of the movie 'Oppenheimer' in Paris on July 11, 2023.","score":0.92002,"raw_content":null},{"title":"'Oppenheimer' Review: A Man for Our Time - The New York Times","url":"https://www.nytimes.com/2023/07/19/movies/oppenheimer-review-christopher-nolan.html","content":"Instead, it is here that the film’s complexities and all its many fragments finally converge as Nolan puts the finishing touches on his portrait of a man who contributed to an age of transformational scientific discovery, who personified the intersection of science and politics, including in his role as a Communist boogeyman, who was transformed by his role in the creation of weapons of mass destruction and soon after raised the alarm about the dangers of nuclear war.\n He served as director of a clandestine weapons lab built in a near-desolate stretch of Los Alamos, in New Mexico, where he and many other of the era’s most dazzling scientific minds puzzled through how to harness nuclear reactions for the weapons that killed tens of thousands instantly, ending the war in the Pacific.\n Nolan integrates these black-and-white sections with the color ones, using scenes from the hearing and the confirmation — Strauss’s role in the hearing and his relationship with Oppenheimer directly affected the confirmation’s outcome — to create a dialectical synthesis. To signal his conceit, he stamps the film with the words “fission” (a splitting into parts) and “fusion” (a merging of elements); Nolan being Nolan, he further complicates the film by recurrently kinking up the overarching chronology — it is a lot.\n It’s also at Berkeley that Oppenheimer meets the project’s military head, Leslie Groves (a predictably good Damon), who makes him Los Alamos’s director, despite the leftist causes he supported — among them, the fight against fascism during the Spanish Civil War — and some of his associations, including with Communist Party members like his brother, Frank (Dylan Arnold).\n","score":0.91831,"raw_content":null}]"
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The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \\\"big-atures\\\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. 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Robert Oppenheimer (played by Cillian Murphy) as he leads the team creating the first atomic bomb, as director of the Manhattan Project’s Los Alamos Laboratory.\\n Subscribe\\nEverything Zoomer\\n‘Oppenheimer’ Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: “I Try to Challenge Myself with Every Film”\\nDirector Christopher Nolan poses upon his arrival for the premiere of the movie 'Oppenheimer' in Paris on July 11, 2023.\",\"score\":0.92002,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"'Oppenheimer' Review: A Man for Our Time - The New York Times\",\"url\":\"https://www.nytimes.com/2023/07/19/movies/oppenheimer-review-christopher-nolan.html\",\"content\":\"Instead, it is here that the film’s complexities and all its many fragments finally converge as Nolan puts the finishing touches on his portrait of a man who contributed to an age of transformational scientific discovery, who personified the intersection of science and politics, including in his role as a Communist boogeyman, who was transformed by his role in the creation of weapons of mass destruction and soon after raised the alarm about the dangers of nuclear war.\\n He served as director of a clandestine weapons lab built in a near-desolate stretch of Los Alamos, in New Mexico, where he and many other of the era’s most dazzling scientific minds puzzled through how to harness nuclear reactions for the weapons that killed tens of thousands instantly, ending the war in the Pacific.\\n Nolan integrates these black-and-white sections with the color ones, using scenes from the hearing and the confirmation — Strauss’s role in the hearing and his relationship with Oppenheimer directly affected the confirmation’s outcome — to create a dialectical synthesis. To signal his conceit, he stamps the film with the words “fission” (a splitting into parts) and “fusion” (a merging of elements); Nolan being Nolan, he further complicates the film by recurrently kinking up the overarching chronology — it is a lot.\\n It’s also at Berkeley that Oppenheimer meets the project’s military head, Leslie Groves (a predictably good Damon), who makes him Los Alamos’s director, despite the leftist causes he supported — among them, the fight against fascism during the Spanish Civil War — and some of his associations, including with Communist Party members like his brother, Frank (Dylan Arnold).\\n\",\"score\":0.91831,\"raw_content\":null}]"
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[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 11:chain:RunnableAssign] Entering Chain run with input: {
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"content": "[{\"title\":\"Oppenheimer (2023) - IMDb\",\"url\":\"https://www.imdb.com/title/tt15398776/\",\"content\":\"Oppenheimer: Directed by Christopher Nolan. With Cillian Murphy, Emily Blunt, Robert Downey Jr., Alden Ehrenreich. The story of American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer and his role in the development of the atomic bomb.\",\"score\":0.96643,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"Christopher Nolan's Oppenheimer - Rotten Tomatoes\",\"url\":\"https://editorial.rottentomatoes.com/article/everything-we-know-about-christopher-nolans-oppenheimer/\",\"content\":\"Billboards and movie theater pop-ups across Los Angeles have been ticking down for months now: Christopher Nolan's epic account of J. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, is nearing an explosive release on July 21, 2023. 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The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \\\"big-atures\\\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. He felt that \\\"while our relationship with that [nuclear] fear has ebbed and flowed with time, the threat itself never actually went away\\\", and felt the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine had caused a resurgence of nuclear anxiety.[54] Nolan had also penned a script for a biopic of Howard Hughes approximately during the time of production of Martin Scorsese's The Aviator (2004), which had given him insight on how to write a script regarding a person's life.[53] Emily Blunt described the Oppenheimer script as \\\"emotional\\\" and resembling that of a thriller, while also remarking that Nolan had \\\"Trojan-Horsed a biopic into a thriller\\\".[72]\\nCasting\\nOppenheimer marks the sixth collaboration between Nolan and Murphy, and the first starring Murphy as the lead. [for Oppenheimer] in his approach to trying to deal with the consequences of what he'd been involved with\\\", while also underscoring that it is a \\\"huge shift in perception about the reality of Oppenheimer's perception\\\".[53] He wanted to execute a quick tonal shift after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, desiring to go from the \\\"highest triumphalism, the highest high, to the lowest low in the shortest amount of screen time possible\\\".[66] For the ending, Nolan chose to make it intentionally vague to be open to interpretation and refrained from being didactic or conveying specific messages in his work.\",\"score\":0.92404,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"'Oppenheimer' Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: \\\"I Try to ...\",\"url\":\"https://www.everythingzoomer.com/arts-entertainment/2023/11/21/oppenheimer-director-christopher-nolan-on-filmmaking-at-53-i-try-to-challenge-myself-with-every-film/\",\"content\":\"Oppenheimer will be available to own on 4K Ultra HD, Blu-ray and DVD — including more than three hours of bonus features — on November 21.\\nRELATED:\\nVisiting the Trinity Site Featured in ‘Oppenheimer’ Is a Sobering Reminder of the Horror of Nuclear Weapons\\nBarbenheimer: How ‘Barbie’ and ‘Oppenheimer’ Became the Unlikely Movie Marriage of the Summer\\nBlast From the Past: ‘Asteroid City’ & ‘Oppenheimer’ and the Age of Nuclear Anxiety\\nEXPLORE  HealthMoneyTravelFoodStyleBook ClubClassifieds#ZoomerDailyPolicy & PerspectiveArts & EntertainmentStars & RoyaltySex & Love\\nCONNECT  FacebookTwitterInstagram\\nSUBSCRIBE  Terms of Subscription ServiceE-NewslettersSubscribe to Zoomer Magazine\\nBROWSE  AboutMastheadContact UsAdvertise with UsPrivacy Policy\\nEverythingZoomer.com is part of the ZoomerMedia Digital Network “I think with experience — and with the experience of watching your films with an audience over the years — you do more and more recognize the human elements that people respond to, and the things that move you and the things that move the audience.”\\n “What’s interesting, as you watch the films over time, is that some of his preoccupations are the same, but then some of them have changed over time with who he is as a person and what’s going on in his own life,” Thomas said.\\n The British-American director’s latest explosive drama, Oppenheimer, which has earned upwards of US$940 million at the global box office, follows theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (played by Cillian Murphy) as he leads the team creating the first atomic bomb, as director of the Manhattan Project’s Los Alamos Laboratory.\\n Subscribe\\nEverything Zoomer\\n‘Oppenheimer’ Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: “I Try to Challenge Myself with Every Film”\\nDirector Christopher Nolan poses upon his arrival for the premiere of the movie 'Oppenheimer' in Paris on July 11, 2023.\",\"score\":0.92002,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"'Oppenheimer' Review: A Man for Our Time - The New York Times\",\"url\":\"https://www.nytimes.com/2023/07/19/movies/oppenheimer-review-christopher-nolan.html\",\"content\":\"Instead, it is here that the film’s complexities and all its many fragments finally converge as Nolan puts the finishing touches on his portrait of a man who contributed to an age of transformational scientific discovery, who personified the intersection of science and politics, including in his role as a Communist boogeyman, who was transformed by his role in the creation of weapons of mass destruction and soon after raised the alarm about the dangers of nuclear war.\\n He served as director of a clandestine weapons lab built in a near-desolate stretch of Los Alamos, in New Mexico, where he and many other of the era’s most dazzling scientific minds puzzled through how to harness nuclear reactions for the weapons that killed tens of thousands instantly, ending the war in the Pacific.\\n Nolan integrates these black-and-white sections with the color ones, using scenes from the hearing and the confirmation — Strauss’s role in the hearing and his relationship with Oppenheimer directly affected the confirmation’s outcome — to create a dialectical synthesis. To signal his conceit, he stamps the film with the words “fission” (a splitting into parts) and “fusion” (a merging of elements); Nolan being Nolan, he further complicates the film by recurrently kinking up the overarching chronology — it is a lot.\\n It’s also at Berkeley that Oppenheimer meets the project’s military head, Leslie Groves (a predictably good Damon), who makes him Los Alamos’s director, despite the leftist causes he supported — among them, the fight against fascism during the Spanish Civil War — and some of his associations, including with Communist Party members like his brother, Frank (Dylan Arnold).\\n\",\"score\":0.91831,\"raw_content\":null}]",
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[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 11:chain:RunnableAssign > 12:chain:RunnableMap] [2ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
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"content": "[{\"title\":\"Oppenheimer (2023) - IMDb\",\"url\":\"https://www.imdb.com/title/tt15398776/\",\"content\":\"Oppenheimer: Directed by Christopher Nolan. With Cillian Murphy, Emily Blunt, Robert Downey Jr., Alden Ehrenreich. The story of American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer and his role in the development of the atomic bomb.\",\"score\":0.96643,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"Christopher Nolan's Oppenheimer - Rotten Tomatoes\",\"url\":\"https://editorial.rottentomatoes.com/article/everything-we-know-about-christopher-nolans-oppenheimer/\",\"content\":\"Billboards and movie theater pop-ups across Los Angeles have been ticking down for months now: Christopher Nolan's epic account of J. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, is nearing an explosive release on July 21, 2023. Nolan movies are always incredibly secretive, twists locked alongside totems behind safe doors, actors not spilling an ounce of Earl Grey tea.\",\"score\":0.92804,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"Oppenheimer (film) - Wikipedia\",\"url\":\"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oppenheimer_(film)\",\"content\":\"The film continued to hold well in the following weeks, making $32 million and $29.1 million in its fifth and sixth weekends.[174][175] As of September 10, 2023, the highest grossing territories were the United Kingdom ($72 million), Germany ($46.9 million), China ($46.8 million), France ($40.1 million) and Australia ($25.9 million).[176]\\nCritical response\\nThe film received critical acclaim.[a] Critics praised Oppenheimer primarily for its screenplay, the performances of the cast (particularly Murphy and Downey), and the visuals;[b] it was frequently cited as one of Nolan's best films,[191][192][183] and of 2023, although some criticism was aimed towards the writing of the female characters.[187] Hindustan Times reported that the film was also hailed as one of the best films of the 21st century.[193] He also chose to alternate between scenes in color and black-and-white to convey the story from both subjective and objective perspectives, respectively,[68] with most of Oppenheimer's view shown via the former, while the latter depicts a \\\"more objective view of his story from a different character's point of view\\\".[69][67] Wanting to make the film as subjective as possible, the production team decided to include visions of Oppenheimer's conceptions of the quantum world and waves of energy.[70] Nolan noted that Oppenheimer never publicly apologized for his role in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but still desired to portray Oppenheimer as feeling genuine guilt for his actions, believing this to be accurate.[71]\\nI think of any character I've dealt with, Oppenheimer is by far the most ambiguous and paradoxical. The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \\\"big-atures\\\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. 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[for Oppenheimer] in his approach to trying to deal with the consequences of what he'd been involved with\\\", while also underscoring that it is a \\\"huge shift in perception about the reality of Oppenheimer's perception\\\".[53] He wanted to execute a quick tonal shift after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, desiring to go from the \\\"highest triumphalism, the highest high, to the lowest low in the shortest amount of screen time possible\\\".[66] For the ending, Nolan chose to make it intentionally vague to be open to interpretation and refrained from being didactic or conveying specific messages in his work.\",\"score\":0.92404,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"'Oppenheimer' Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: \\\"I Try to ...\",\"url\":\"https://www.everythingzoomer.com/arts-entertainment/2023/11/21/oppenheimer-director-christopher-nolan-on-filmmaking-at-53-i-try-to-challenge-myself-with-every-film/\",\"content\":\"Oppenheimer will be available to own on 4K Ultra HD, Blu-ray and DVD — including more than three hours of bonus features — on November 21.\\nRELATED:\\nVisiting the Trinity Site Featured in ‘Oppenheimer’ Is a Sobering Reminder of the Horror of Nuclear Weapons\\nBarbenheimer: How ‘Barbie’ and ‘Oppenheimer’ Became the Unlikely Movie Marriage of the Summer\\nBlast From the Past: ‘Asteroid City’ & ‘Oppenheimer’ and the Age of Nuclear Anxiety\\nEXPLORE  HealthMoneyTravelFoodStyleBook ClubClassifieds#ZoomerDailyPolicy & PerspectiveArts & EntertainmentStars & RoyaltySex & Love\\nCONNECT  FacebookTwitterInstagram\\nSUBSCRIBE  Terms of Subscription ServiceE-NewslettersSubscribe to Zoomer Magazine\\nBROWSE  AboutMastheadContact UsAdvertise with UsPrivacy Policy\\nEverythingZoomer.com is part of the ZoomerMedia Digital Network “I think with experience — and with the experience of watching your films with an audience over the years — you do more and more recognize the human elements that people respond to, and the things that move you and the things that move the audience.”\\n “What’s interesting, as you watch the films over time, is that some of his preoccupations are the same, but then some of them have changed over time with who he is as a person and what’s going on in his own life,” Thomas said.\\n The British-American director’s latest explosive drama, Oppenheimer, which has earned upwards of US$940 million at the global box office, follows theoretical physicist J. 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Nolan movies are always incredibly secretive, twists locked alongside totems behind safe doors, actors not spilling an ounce of Earl Grey tea.\",\"score\":0.92804,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"Oppenheimer (film) - Wikipedia\",\"url\":\"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oppenheimer_(film)\",\"content\":\"The film continued to hold well in the following weeks, making $32 million and $29.1 million in its fifth and sixth weekends.[174][175] As of September 10, 2023, the highest grossing territories were the United Kingdom ($72 million), Germany ($46.9 million), China ($46.8 million), France ($40.1 million) and Australia ($25.9 million).[176]\\nCritical response\\nThe film received critical acclaim.[a] Critics praised Oppenheimer primarily for its screenplay, the performances of the cast (particularly Murphy and Downey), and the visuals;[b] it was frequently cited as one of Nolan's best films,[191][192][183] and of 2023, although some criticism was aimed towards the writing of the female characters.[187] Hindustan Times reported that the film was also hailed as one of the best films of the 21st century.[193] He also chose to alternate between scenes in color and black-and-white to convey the story from both subjective and objective perspectives, respectively,[68] with most of Oppenheimer's view shown via the former, while the latter depicts a \\\"more objective view of his story from a different character's point of view\\\".[69][67] Wanting to make the film as subjective as possible, the production team decided to include visions of Oppenheimer's conceptions of the quantum world and waves of energy.[70] Nolan noted that Oppenheimer never publicly apologized for his role in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but still desired to portray Oppenheimer as feeling genuine guilt for his actions, believing this to be accurate.[71]\\nI think of any character I've dealt with, Oppenheimer is by far the most ambiguous and paradoxical. 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Robert Oppenheimer (played by Cillian Murphy) as he leads the team creating the first atomic bomb, as director of the Manhattan Project’s Los Alamos Laboratory.\\n Subscribe\\nEverything Zoomer\\n‘Oppenheimer’ Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: “I Try to Challenge Myself with Every Film”\\nDirector Christopher Nolan poses upon his arrival for the premiere of the movie 'Oppenheimer' in Paris on July 11, 2023.\",\"score\":0.92002,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"'Oppenheimer' Review: A Man for Our Time - The New York Times\",\"url\":\"https://www.nytimes.com/2023/07/19/movies/oppenheimer-review-christopher-nolan.html\",\"content\":\"Instead, it is here that the film’s complexities and all its many fragments finally converge as Nolan puts the finishing touches on his portrait of a man who contributed to an age of transformational scientific discovery, who personified the intersection of science and politics, including in his role as a Communist boogeyman, who was transformed by his role in the creation of weapons of mass destruction and soon after raised the alarm about the dangers of nuclear war.\\n He served as director of a clandestine weapons lab built in a near-desolate stretch of Los Alamos, in New Mexico, where he and many other of the era’s most dazzling scientific minds puzzled through how to harness nuclear reactions for the weapons that killed tens of thousands instantly, ending the war in the Pacific.\\n Nolan integrates these black-and-white sections with the color ones, using scenes from the hearing and the confirmation — Strauss’s role in the hearing and his relationship with Oppenheimer directly affected the confirmation’s outcome — to create a dialectical synthesis. 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The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \\\"big-atures\\\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. 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[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 14:prompt:ChatPromptTemplate] [2ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
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The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \\\"big-atures\\\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. 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[llm/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 15:llm:ChatAnthropic] Entering LLM run with input: {
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"content": "[{\"title\":\"Oppenheimer (2023) - IMDb\",\"url\":\"https://www.imdb.com/title/tt15398776/\",\"content\":\"Oppenheimer: Directed by Christopher Nolan. With Cillian Murphy, Emily Blunt, Robert Downey Jr., Alden Ehrenreich. The story of American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer and his role in the development of the atomic bomb.\",\"score\":0.96643,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"Christopher Nolan's Oppenheimer - Rotten Tomatoes\",\"url\":\"https://editorial.rottentomatoes.com/article/everything-we-know-about-christopher-nolans-oppenheimer/\",\"content\":\"Billboards and movie theater pop-ups across Los Angeles have been ticking down for months now: Christopher Nolan's epic account of J. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, is nearing an explosive release on July 21, 2023. Nolan movies are always incredibly secretive, twists locked alongside totems behind safe doors, actors not spilling an ounce of Earl Grey tea.\",\"score\":0.92804,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"Oppenheimer (film) - Wikipedia\",\"url\":\"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oppenheimer_(film)\",\"content\":\"The film continued to hold well in the following weeks, making $32 million and $29.1 million in its fifth and sixth weekends.[174][175] As of September 10, 2023, the highest grossing territories were the United Kingdom ($72 million), Germany ($46.9 million), China ($46.8 million), France ($40.1 million) and Australia ($25.9 million).[176]\\nCritical response\\nThe film received critical acclaim.[a] Critics praised Oppenheimer primarily for its screenplay, the performances of the cast (particularly Murphy and Downey), and the visuals;[b] it was frequently cited as one of Nolan's best films,[191][192][183] and of 2023, although some criticism was aimed towards the writing of the female characters.[187] Hindustan Times reported that the film was also hailed as one of the best films of the 21st century.[193] He also chose to alternate between scenes in color and black-and-white to convey the story from both subjective and objective perspectives, respectively,[68] with most of Oppenheimer's view shown via the former, while the latter depicts a \\\"more objective view of his story from a different character's point of view\\\".[69][67] Wanting to make the film as subjective as possible, the production team decided to include visions of Oppenheimer's conceptions of the quantum world and waves of energy.[70] Nolan noted that Oppenheimer never publicly apologized for his role in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but still desired to portray Oppenheimer as feeling genuine guilt for his actions, believing this to be accurate.[71]\\nI think of any character I've dealt with, Oppenheimer is by far the most ambiguous and paradoxical. The production team was able to obtain government permission to film at White Sands Missile Range, but only at highly inconvenient hours, and therefore chose to film the scene elsewhere in the New Mexico desert.[2][95]\\nThe production filmed the Trinity test scenes in Belen, New Mexico, with Murphy climbing a 100-foot steel tower, a replica of the original site used in the Manhattan Project, in rough weather.[2][95]\\nA special set was built in which gasoline, propane, aluminum powder, and magnesium were used to create the explosive effect.[54] Although they used miniatures for the practical effect, the film's special effects supervisor Scott R. Fisher referred to them as \\\"big-atures\\\", since the special effects team had tried to build the models as physically large as possible. He felt that \\\"while our relationship with that [nuclear] fear has ebbed and flowed with time, the threat itself never actually went away\\\", and felt the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine had caused a resurgence of nuclear anxiety.[54] Nolan had also penned a script for a biopic of Howard Hughes approximately during the time of production of Martin Scorsese's The Aviator (2004), which had given him insight on how to write a script regarding a person's life.[53] Emily Blunt described the Oppenheimer script as \\\"emotional\\\" and resembling that of a thriller, while also remarking that Nolan had \\\"Trojan-Horsed a biopic into a thriller\\\".[72]\\nCasting\\nOppenheimer marks the sixth collaboration between Nolan and Murphy, and the first starring Murphy as the lead. [for Oppenheimer] in his approach to trying to deal with the consequences of what he'd been involved with\\\", while also underscoring that it is a \\\"huge shift in perception about the reality of Oppenheimer's perception\\\".[53] He wanted to execute a quick tonal shift after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, desiring to go from the \\\"highest triumphalism, the highest high, to the lowest low in the shortest amount of screen time possible\\\".[66] For the ending, Nolan chose to make it intentionally vague to be open to interpretation and refrained from being didactic or conveying specific messages in his work.\",\"score\":0.92404,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"'Oppenheimer' Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: \\\"I Try to ...\",\"url\":\"https://www.everythingzoomer.com/arts-entertainment/2023/11/21/oppenheimer-director-christopher-nolan-on-filmmaking-at-53-i-try-to-challenge-myself-with-every-film/\",\"content\":\"Oppenheimer will be available to own on 4K Ultra HD, Blu-ray and DVD — including more than three hours of bonus features — on November 21.\\nRELATED:\\nVisiting the Trinity Site Featured in ‘Oppenheimer’ Is a Sobering Reminder of the Horror of Nuclear Weapons\\nBarbenheimer: How ‘Barbie’ and ‘Oppenheimer’ Became the Unlikely Movie Marriage of the Summer\\nBlast From the Past: ‘Asteroid City’ & ‘Oppenheimer’ and the Age of Nuclear Anxiety\\nEXPLORE  HealthMoneyTravelFoodStyleBook ClubClassifieds#ZoomerDailyPolicy & PerspectiveArts & EntertainmentStars & RoyaltySex & Love\\nCONNECT  FacebookTwitterInstagram\\nSUBSCRIBE  Terms of Subscription ServiceE-NewslettersSubscribe to Zoomer Magazine\\nBROWSE  AboutMastheadContact UsAdvertise with UsPrivacy Policy\\nEverythingZoomer.com is part of the ZoomerMedia Digital Network “I think with experience — and with the experience of watching your films with an audience over the years — you do more and more recognize the human elements that people respond to, and the things that move you and the things that move the audience.”\\n “What’s interesting, as you watch the films over time, is that some of his preoccupations are the same, but then some of them have changed over time with who he is as a person and what’s going on in his own life,” Thomas said.\\n The British-American director’s latest explosive drama, Oppenheimer, which has earned upwards of US$940 million at the global box office, follows theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer (played by Cillian Murphy) as he leads the team creating the first atomic bomb, as director of the Manhattan Project’s Los Alamos Laboratory.\\n Subscribe\\nEverything Zoomer\\n‘Oppenheimer’ Director Christopher Nolan On Filmmaking at 53: “I Try to Challenge Myself with Every Film”\\nDirector Christopher Nolan poses upon his arrival for the premiere of the movie 'Oppenheimer' in Paris on July 11, 2023.\",\"score\":0.92002,\"raw_content\":null},{\"title\":\"'Oppenheimer' Review: A Man for Our Time - The New York Times\",\"url\":\"https://www.nytimes.com/2023/07/19/movies/oppenheimer-review-christopher-nolan.html\",\"content\":\"Instead, it is here that the film’s complexities and all its many fragments finally converge as Nolan puts the finishing touches on his portrait of a man who contributed to an age of transformational scientific discovery, who personified the intersection of science and politics, including in his role as a Communist boogeyman, who was transformed by his role in the creation of weapons of mass destruction and soon after raised the alarm about the dangers of nuclear war.\\n He served as director of a clandestine weapons lab built in a near-desolate stretch of Los Alamos, in New Mexico, where he and many other of the era’s most dazzling scientific minds puzzled through how to harness nuclear reactions for the weapons that killed tens of thousands instantly, ending the war in the Pacific.\\n Nolan integrates these black-and-white sections with the color ones, using scenes from the hearing and the confirmation — Strauss’s role in the hearing and his relationship with Oppenheimer directly affected the confirmation’s outcome — to create a dialectical synthesis. To signal his conceit, he stamps the film with the words “fission” (a splitting into parts) and “fusion” (a merging of elements); Nolan being Nolan, he further complicates the film by recurrently kinking up the overarching chronology — it is a lot.\\n It’s also at Berkeley that Oppenheimer meets the project’s military head, Leslie Groves (a predictably good Damon), who makes him Los Alamos’s director, despite the leftist causes he supported — among them, the fight against fascism during the Spanish Civil War — and some of his associations, including with Communist Party members like his brother, Frank (Dylan Arnold).\\n\",\"score\":0.91831,\"raw_content\":null}]",
"additional_kwargs": {
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}
[llm/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 15:llm:ChatAnthropic] [3.50s] Exiting LLM run with output: {
"generations": [
[
{
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"message": {
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{
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"text": "Based on the search results, the 2023 film Oppenheimer was directed by Christopher Nolan. Some key information about Christopher Nolan:\n\n- He is a British-American film director, producer and screenwriter.\n- He was born on July 30, 1970, making him currently 52 years old.\n\nTo calculate his age in days:"
},
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
"name": "calculator",
"input": {
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"usage": {
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"tool_call_chunks": [
{
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"args": "{\"input\":\"52 * 365\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
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"tool_calls": [
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"args": {
"input": "52 * 365"
},
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE"
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}
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}
[llm/end] [1:llm:ChatAnthropic] [3.50s] Exiting LLM run with output: {
"generations": [
[
{
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"message": {
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"id": [
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"text": "Based on the search results, the 2023 film Oppenheimer was directed by Christopher Nolan. Some key information about Christopher Nolan:\n\n- He is a British-American film director, producer and screenwriter.\n- He was born on July 30, 1970, making him currently 52 years old.\n\nTo calculate his age in days:"
},
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
"name": "calculator",
"input": {
"input": "52 * 365"
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],
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[chain/start] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 16:parser:ToolCallingAgentOutputParser] Entering Chain run with input: {
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},
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
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"usage": {
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"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
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],
"tool_calls": [
{
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"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE"
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}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent > 16:parser:ToolCallingAgentOutputParser] [1ms] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"output": [
{
"tool": "calculator",
"toolInput": {
"input": "52 * 365"
},
"toolCallId": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
"log": "Invoking \"calculator\" with {\"input\":\"52 * 365\"}\n[{\"type\":\"text\",\"text\":\"Based on the search results, the 2023 film Oppenheimer was directed by Christopher Nolan. Some key information about Christopher Nolan:\\n\\n- He is a British-American film director, producer and screenwriter.\\n- He was born on July 30, 1970, making him currently 52 years old.\\n\\nTo calculate his age in days:\"},{\"type\":\"tool_use\",\"id\":\"toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE\",\"name\":\"calculator\",\"input\":{\"input\":\"52 * 365\"}}]",
"messageLog": [
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"type": "text",
"text": "Based on the search results, the 2023 film Oppenheimer was directed by Christopher Nolan. Some key information about Christopher Nolan:\n\n- He is a British-American film director, producer and screenwriter.\n- He was born on July 30, 1970, making him currently 52 years old.\n\nTo calculate his age in days:"
},
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
"name": "calculator",
"input": {
"input": "52 * 365"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_01RBDqmJKNXiEjgt5Xrng4mz",
"type": "message",
"role": "assistant",
"model": "claude-3-sonnet-20240229",
"stop_sequence": null,
"usage": {
"input_tokens": 2810,
"output_tokens": 137
},
"stop_reason": "tool_use"
},
"tool_call_chunks": [
{
"name": "calculator",
"args": "{\"input\":\"52 * 365\"}",
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
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}
],
"tool_calls": [
{
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"args": {
"input": "52 * 365"
},
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE"
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]
}
[chain/end] [1:chain:AgentExecutor > 10:chain:ToolCallingAgent] [3.51s] Exiting Chain run with output: {
"output": [
{
"tool": "calculator",
"toolInput": {
"input": "52 * 365"
},
"toolCallId": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
"log": "Invoking \"calculator\" with {\"input\":\"52 * 365\"}\n[{\"type\":\"text\",\"text\":\"Based on the search results, the 2023 film Oppenheimer was directed by Christopher Nolan. Some key information about Christopher Nolan:\\n\\n- He is a British-American film director, producer and screenwriter.\\n- He was born on July 30, 1970, making him currently 52 years old.\\n\\nTo calculate his age in days:\"},{\"type\":\"tool_use\",\"id\":\"toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE\",\"name\":\"calculator\",\"input\":{\"input\":\"52 * 365\"}}]",
"messageLog": [
{
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"id": [
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"kwargs": {
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{
"type": "text",
"text": "Based on the search results, the 2023 film Oppenheimer was directed by Christopher Nolan. Some key information about Christopher Nolan:\n\n- He is a British-American film director, producer and screenwriter.\n- He was born on July 30, 1970, making him currently 52 years old.\n\nTo calculate his age in days:"
},
{
"type": "tool_use",
"id": "toolu_01NVTbm5aNYSm1wGYb6XF7jE",
"name": "calculator",
"input": {
"input": "52 * 365"
}
}
],
"additional_kwargs": {
"id": "msg_01RBDqmJKNXiEjgt5Xrng4mz",
"type": "message",
"role&qu