Skip to main content

How to stream structured output to the client

This guide will walk you through how we stream agent data to the client using React Server Components inside this directory. The code in this doc is taken from the page.tsx and action.ts files in this directory. To view the full, uninterrupted code, click here for the actions file and here for the client file.


This guide assumes familiarity with the following concepts:


First, install the necessary LangChain & AI SDK packages:

npm install @langchain/openai @langchain/core ai zod zod-to-json-schema

Next, we'll create our server file. This will contain all the logic for making tool calls and sending the data back to the client.

Start by adding the necessary imports & the "use server" directive:

"use server";

import { ChatOpenAI } from "@langchain/openai";
import { ChatPromptTemplate } from "@langchain/core/prompts";
import { createStreamableValue } from "ai/rsc";
import { z } from "zod";
import { zodToJsonSchema } from "zod-to-json-schema";
import { JsonOutputKeyToolsParser } from "@langchain/core/output_parsers/openai_tools";

After that, we'll define our tool schema. For this example we'll use a simple demo weather schema:

const Weather = z
city: z.string().describe("City to search for weather"),
state: z.string().describe("State abbreviation to search for weather"),
.describe("Weather search parameters");

Once our schema is defined, we can implement our executeTool function. This function takes in a single input of string, and contains all the logic for our tool and streaming data back to the client:

export async function executeTool(
input: string,
) {
"use server";

const stream = createStreamableValue();

The createStreamableValue function is important as this is what we'll use for actually streaming all the data back to the client.

For the main logic, we'll wrap it in an async function. Start by defining our prompt and chat model:

  (async () => {
const prompt = ChatPromptTemplate.fromMessages([
`You are a helpful assistant. Use the tools provided to best assist the user.`,
["human", "{input}"],

const llm = new ChatOpenAI({
model: "gpt-4o-2024-05-13",
temperature: 0,

After defining our chat model, we'll define our runnable chain using LCEL.

We start binding our weather tool we defined earlier to the model:

const modelWithTools = llm.bind({
tools: [
type: "function" as const,
function: {
name: "get_weather",
description: Weather.description,
parameters: zodToJsonSchema(Weather),

Next, we'll use LCEL to pipe each component together, starting with the prompt, then the model with tools, and finally the output parser:

const chain = prompt.pipe(modelWithTools).pipe(
new JsonOutputKeyToolsParser<z.infer<typeof Weather>>({
keyName: "get_weather",
zodSchema: Weather,

Finally, we'll call .stream on our chain, and similarly to the streaming agent example, we'll iterate over the stream and stringify + parse the data before updating the stream value:

    const streamResult = await{

for await (const item of streamResult) {
stream.update(JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(item, null, 2)));


return { streamData: stream.value };

Was this page helpful?

You can also leave detailed feedback on GitHub.