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Cassandra KV

This example demonstrates how to setup chat history storage using the CassandraKVStore BaseStore integration. Note there is a CassandraChatMessageHistory integration which may be easier to use for chat history storage; the CassandraKVStore is useful if you want a more general-purpose key-value store with prefixable keys.


npm install cassandra-driver

Depending on your database providers, the specifics of how to connect to the database will vary. We will create a document configConnection which will be used as part of the store configuration.

Apache Cassandra®

Storage Attached Indexes (used by yieldKeys) are supported in Apache Cassandra® 5.0 and above. You can use a standard connection document, for example:

const configConnection = {
contactPoints: ['h1', 'h2'],
localDataCenter: 'datacenter1',
credentials: {
username: <...> as string,
password: <...> as string,

Astra DB

Astra DB is a cloud-native Cassandra-as-a-Service platform.

  1. Create an Astra DB account.
  2. Create a vector enabled database.
  3. Create a token for your database.
const configConnection = {
serviceProviderArgs: {
astra: {
token: <...> as string,
endpoint: <...> as string,

Instead of endpoint:, you many provide property datacenterID: and optionally regionName:.


import { CassandraKVStore } from "@langchain/community/storage/cassandra";
import { AIMessage, HumanMessage } from "@langchain/core/messages";

// This document is the Cassandra driver connection document; the example is to AstraDB but
// any valid Cassandra connection can be used.
const configConnection = {
serviceProviderArgs: {
astra: {
token: "YOUR_TOKEN_OR_LOAD_FROM_ENV" as string,
endpoint: "YOUR_ENDPOINT_OR_LOAD_FROM_ENV" as string,

const store = new CassandraKVStore({
keyspace: "test", // keyspace must exist
table: "test_kv", // table will be created if it does not exist
keyDelimiter: ":", // optional, default is "/"

// Define our encoder/decoder for converting between strings and Uint8Arrays
const encoder = new TextEncoder();
const decoder = new TextDecoder();

* Here you would define your LLM and chat chain, call
* the LLM and eventually get a list of messages.
* For this example, we'll assume we already have a list.
const messages = Array.from({ length: 5 }).map((_, index) => {
if (index % 2 === 0) {
return new AIMessage("ai stuff...");
return new HumanMessage("human stuff...");

// Set your messages in the store
// The key will be prefixed with `message:id:` and end
// with the index.
await store.mset(, index) => [

// Now you can get your messages from the store
const retrievedMessages = await store.mget(["message:id:0", "message:id:1"]);
// Make sure to decode the values
console.log( => decoder.decode(v)));

'{"id":["langchain","AIMessage"],"kwargs":{"content":"ai stuff..."}}',
'{"id":["langchain","HumanMessage"],"kwargs":{"content":"human stuff..."}}'

// Or, if you want to get back all the keys you can call
// the `yieldKeys` method.
// Optionally, you can pass a key prefix to only get back
// keys which match that prefix.
const yieldedKeys = [];
for await (const key of store.yieldKeys("message:id:")) {

// The keys are not encoded, so no decoding is necessary

// Finally, let's delete the keys from the store
await store.mdelete(yieldedKeys);

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